What is it?
Typhoid and paratyphoid are diseases caused by the bacteria Salmonella Typhi and Paratyphi.
How it is caught?
Ingestion of contaminated food or water, particularly shellfish and poorly cooked vegetables.
What does it do?
Typhoid causes a mild fever, headache, muscle pains, tiredness and nausea. In severe cases it causes a rash, abdominal pain, internal bleeding and seizures.
Can it be treated?
Yes – with antibiotics.
Where is it found?
Typhoid and paratyphoid is found across the globe, particularly in areas of poor sanitation.
How is it prevented?
Vaccine and good hygiene.
A single injection or course of three tablets last approximately 3 years.